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Catalog Number 2005.032.0001
Object Name Tape, Cassette
Scope & Content Williams Machine Company started in 1920 by his father and grandfather after Ruggles Machine Company burned down in 1919, had worked there.
-company made tools for state companies. It later evolved from slate shed with 3 employees.
-during World War 2, 80 employees were on government projects.
- "made anything anybody wanted"
- paper machines converting (for working paper cups) for making paper bags.
-trained workers? most had experience, already lived here or nearby.
Long term Employees 25 to 50 years there
Shop 5000 square feet - 1921 sold cars, belt garage on Main Street. 1949 - 13,000 square feet.
During War Military contract.
by 1950, 10 % of business was slate companies.
-Continental Can Co.
- Crown Cork and Seal - Metal cans
- repair work for other companies -slate, marble, granite industries. some were parts, others whole machines.
-80 % of the business was components for others.
- customers came to them/ some ads/good reputation

When sold? - 1987, closed within a few years., due to bad economy, bad management, owners were absent, didn't understand business.
-15 employees when I sold it, had good pension plan, I kept the plan until older employees retired, new owners wouldn't do it.
For Slate Industry, made hard tools, drill points, trimming and punching machines.
Trimmers (design) over 100 years old, perhaps devel. in Wales, made carriages for slate removal, also put up quarry sticks.
New Developments? removable drill bits, saw blades.
-Family members - After 1926, ran a quarry. North end of Krager put, also north of Graves pit, one in Raceville, landscape slate and roofing, closed last quarry in 1950
-never worked in a quarry.
-slate splitting machine? No, not really practical.
- Welsh, primary owned to devel. of Poultney and whole area, others benefitted too, cultural aspects.
GREEN MOUNTAIN COLLEGE choir, Slate industry, very significant early in century (20 20th) Many still in area, no loner major employers
Good idea to gather this material, we didn't do it for earlier generations.
Creator Williams, Stephen T.
Title Russell Williams Jr., Oral History